The effects of climate change are already being felt in many African countries. Also in Ghana, a country that is doing comparatively well. Here, climate change is particularly hard on poor small farmers.
The twin sisters Farida and Fariya Abubakari listen to them. They have long been concerned with the precarious situation of the people who come here from the poor north of Ghana to the south. They are climate refugees, say the 24-year-old students.
Fewer and fewer families can feed themselves from agriculture
Fariya Abubakari: "We come from the north ourselves, it is the poorest part of the country and it is most affected by climate change. This has serious implications for farmers, their crops, their lives."
Fariya and Farida Abubakari are from Bawku, a border town with Burkina Faso. Their father was a small farmer, now he travels the country as a trader.
The north is considered the "pantry of the country". More than half of the population lives from agriculture. They are mainly small farmers who grow maize, millet, cassava, rice, peanuts or vegetables for their own consumption but also for sale. In recent years, however, extreme weather conditions have been on the increase, says Seth Agyemang, who researches the consequences of global warming at the University of Kumasi.
"Over the years, the weather has changed. It has become more unpredictable. In some areas it rains more than it used to, in others almost not at all. And the temperature keeps rising."
As a result, farmers have to invest more money and still get smaller harvests. Fewer and fewer families can feed themselves from agriculture.
"We observe the phenomenon that many are now fleeing the consequences of climate change."
Sisters Fariya and Farida Abubakari want to help the people who are suffering. They are currently doing their master's degree at the university in Kumasi. On the side, they write articles for online portals and, most importantly, they are setting up two aid organisations. One is to be a contact point for girls and women at risk, the other is to educate farmers who are affected by climate change.
Because of her commitment, the network "The Global Call for Climate Action" invited Farida to the climate conference in Paris as an observer. When it comes to the consequences of global warming, she sees the industrialised countries as being responsible:
Farida Abubakari: "Africa has contributed the least to global warming, but it is we who are already feeling the consequences. Therefore, the industrialised countries should finally reduce their emissions. For a stable world in which we can live."
From the negotiations, the sisters expect that countries like Ghana will get money to help farmers in the north of the country.